Shareholders under the aegis of Independence shareholders Association of Nigeria (ISAN) have expressed displeasure over the hike in banks’ mandatory Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR).
ISAN’s founder, Mr Sunny Nwosu, said this in a statement made available to the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) on Sunday in Lagos.
The shareholders urged the apex bank to reduce the CRR to 15 per cent from 27.5 per cent or pay interest on the restricted deposits to the banks, noting that the banks had over N12 trillion restricted deposits with the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN).
Nwosu said the decision by the apex bank to review most bank charges and fees downward, coupled with the hike in the CRR, amid expectations of increasing regulatory headwinds, was currently causing a setback in the sector.
CRR is a monetary policy tool used by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) to control money supply in the economy.
The CRR empowers the central bank to sequester up 27.5 per cent of customer deposits held by commercial banks, effectively restricting the banks from accessing the money.
The apex bank debited a chunk of deposits of banks since 2019 as part of a mutually inclusive CRR and Loan to Deposit Ratio policy that targeted at driving lending more to private sector.
“It is noteworthy that Nigeria has the highest reserve requirement in sub-Saharan Africa. South Africa, Kenya and Ghana all have CRR’s of below 10 per cent.
“We believe the elevated CRR level moderated the industry’s performance and liquidity position during the year under review,” said the statement.
The CBN Governor, Mr Godwin Emefiele, admitted the move was part of efforts to curb excess liquidity on the banking system, already adjudged as a contributor to the resurging inflation trend.
According to Nwosu, the tight monetary policy of the CBN has continued to pummel the banking sector with multiplier effect on the equities market and loss of value addition to shareholder.
He said: “After serious evaluation of the CRR and current AMCON scam, ISAN insist that CBN should pay interest to banks on restricted deposits to enhance banks obligation to the real sector.
“In the alternative the apex bank should reduce the CRR to 15 per cent to enable banks declare meaningful dividends that would encourage domestic investments.
“We urge CBN to have a rethink on CRR and among other things to enhance the performance of the financial sector of the economy.”
He said the challenge of the Nigerian economy made it imperative for CBN to pay interest on restricted deposits.
“Banks restricted deposits with CBN are idle funds. We argue that if these funds are with banks, certainly it will enhance their earnings, loans to real sector and returns for shareholders,” Nwosu said in the statement.
He pointed out that continued debits of CRR by the CBN had put the banking sector under serious threat, noting that the apex bank was denying banks the ability to earn an income in customer deposits.
A breakdown of some banks debited through the mandatory CRR showed that Zenith Bank Plc’s restricted deposit with CBN rose from N680.26 billion in 2019 to N1.33 trillion in 2021, while FBN Holdings Plc’s restricted deposit hit N1.32 trillion in 2020 from N843.44billion in 2019.
FBN Ltd. and FBN Quest Merchant Bank Ltd. had also restricted balances of N1.3 billion and N39.37 billion respectively with CBN as at Dec. 31, 2020.
Access Bank Plc’s CRR deposit with CBN also grew to N1.31 trillion or an increase of 54 per cent from N848.85 billon in 2019, while Guaranty Trust Holdings Plc (GTCO) reported N1.03 trillion mandatory reserve with CBN in 2020 from N443.65 billion reported in 2019.
United Bank for Africa’s mandatory reserves with CBN also increased to N1.10 trillion in 2020 as against N832.11 billion in 2019.
The National Coordinator, ISAN, Mr Anthony Omojola, said banks’ interim reports in 2021 showed poor revenues following higher borrowing costs as CRR hike further complicated banks’ currency flow already hit by fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic and the oil price shocks.
Omojola said the CBN warehousing of about N1.2 trillion from the banking system since it raised the CRR by five per cent to 27.5 per cent coupled with the AMCON sinking funds called for serious concerns by all stakeholders.
“That the cumulative restricted deposits of banks so far as at 2020, if invested in treasury securities at five per cent, would have N482 billion added to the industry’s profit before taxation.
“The industry’s return on average equity (ROE) would have increased by between 11percent and 31.6 percent as at December 2020,” he said.